An Overview of Initial Coin Offering (ICO)


ICO is a means of raising funds in unregulated funds for various cryptocurrency companies. This is something that startups use to circumvent the regulated and rigorous capital raising process that banks and venture capitalists require. In such a campaign, a percentage of the cryptocurrency is sold to project supporters very early on for other cryptocurrencies or legal tender.

How is it done

When a company wants to raise money using the initial coin offering, there must be a white paper plan outlining the details of the project. It should outline what the project is for, what the project needs, what it aims to accomplish. He must also indicate the money that will be needed to undertake the whole endeavor and how many pioneers he will have to keep.

The plan should also mention the type of currency adopted and how long it intends to run the campaign. During such a campaign, supporters and enthusiasts of the initiative will buy cryptocurrencies using virtual currency or fiat. Coins are called tokens and are very similar to shares of companies that are sold to investors during an IPO. If the minimum required funds are not reached, then the money is refunded and the entire ICO is then considered a failure. When the requirements are met within a certain period, the funds can be used to initiate the scheme or even to complete it, if it is still progressing.

Investors who participate in the project early are mainly motivated to buy crypto coins in the hope that the plan will be successful and will receive more value from it after launch. There are many successful projects of this kind in different economies and this is one of the main things that motivate investors.


ICOs can be compared to crowdfunding and IPOs. Like an IPO, a stake must be sold by a start-up company in order to find funds to support the operations of such a company. The only difference is that IPOs deal with investors, while ICOs work closely with supporters who are very keen on new projects just like the crowdfunding event.

However, ICOs differ from crowdfunding in the sense that ICO supporters are usually motivated by the fact that they can get a high return on investment. The funds raised through crowdfunding are mainly donations. For this reason, ICOS is called sales crowds.

So far, there have been many successful transactions. ICOs are an innovative tool in our digital age. However, it is important for investors to take precautions, as there are some campaigns that can turn into fraud. This is due to the fact that they are highly unregulated. The financial authorities are not involved and if you lose money through such initiatives, it is difficult to take action to obtain compensation.

To this end, there are some regions that do not allow the use of ICOs at all. It is important to buy such currency only from reliable sources to be safe.


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Surviving Beyond The FOMO – How To Pick A Winning ICO Project For Long Term Value


In a world ruled by super and FOMO [Fear Of Missing Out], it is becoming increasingly clear that the diligent crypto enthusiast must have a litmus test to choose a token to support in a world where it is difficult to find truly viable projects, and good projects with long-term prospects are even more difficult to differentiating from money grabbing “shitcoins”.

With recent events where most new cryptocurrencies are reaching record levels and new ICO projects not meeting their hype after Crowdsale, it is now common for frustrated “investors” to go around blaming ICO social media promoters instead of blaming themselves. that they did not make the proper due diligence to select the most likely winner after the crowdsale before purchasing a token during the ICO.

From my extensive observation, it turned out that most crypto buyers simply buy coins during the FOMO-based ICO (Fear of Leakage), created by the masters of the fuss behind these coins. Many simply bought without understanding the purpose of the coin after the ICO or what the token had to do after Crowdsale. When nothing happened after the ICO, as often happens now for many ICOs, they would jump on social media to scream a bloody murder.

Recently, my team and I just completed a tour of Africa and parts of the United States to promote the Nollycoin ICO. We organized and sponsored various conferences, held press meetings of AMA (Ask Me Anything) and held many individual meetings with crypto whales, small investors and crypto millionaires of all colors.

Through it all, one thing that amazed me beyond anything else was that MANY token holders DIDN’T HAVE A DISK for the core business or project behind the token sales they were involved in.

Even stranger than my observation was the astonishing fact that many could not tell you the value of the project, its goals or the company’s plan to distort the market and grab some buyers in their industry. They just bought the ICO because a few telegrams or Facebook pages they visited kept telling them, “Buy. Hodl and buy more. “Most simply acted on the herd’s instincts, not on objective discussion.

Now, if most of the people I met were just teenagers or uneducated, I wouldn’t be so surprised by the level of ignorance of many of the crypto “investors” I met. On the contrary, many of those I met had graduated from college and people by some means. Yet less than 10% of them could easily articulate why they bought a coin in anticipation that it would grow over time. Wherever I went, very few in the crowd could tell me the name, experience, and capabilities of the corporate managers of the company that sold the coins.

The only thing most of them might note is that the coins are recommended by “respected” influential people when the facts prove that most of them received a frightening thrill to create a FOMO and respect for otherwise useless shitcoins.

Apart from the so-called fake influencers, all many crypto buyers knew that the names of the team leaders were Russian, Chinese or Korean, although they knew absolutely nothing about them. As if all you needed to have a successful ICO was to list the names of people from Korea, China, or Russia that no one could even check with a simple Google search.

While I agree that there are certainly many things to consider when deciding whether a project’s tokens will increase over time, I think the acid test and the most immediate evaluation criteria should be the usefulness of the coin itself beyond what would happen in crypto exchanges.

Although most crypto token owners I’ve met didn’t even know it, the reality is that if you bought a token from most ICOs, you didn’t actually invest in that company. You will not buy shares in the company and have not purchased any collateral from the company.

And at best, what you did when you bought tokens during most ICOs was “donate” a project in exchange for a token or utility coin that legally had no real value outside the issuing company’s controlled business ecosystem. .

In other words, except for your hope that the price of the tokens will “lunar” or rise to make you a millionaire, you can’t do much with the token other than enjoy the utility attached to it by the company ICO, If anyone.

Because no one could really predict with certainty how Crypto would perform on the crypto exchange when it finally got there, and recent experience shows that the prices of most tokens are likely to dive in the first few weeks of hitting the stock market (due to big sell-offs from speculators), it would make some sense to look at what other value or utility you could derive from your token, beyond the expected “luning” of the stock market.

As the crypto revolution continues to evolve, transform and adapt to different market developments, the only way to ensure that your money is not thrown into the ditch is to make sure you can still use these tokens to get excellent value and benefits even if you can sell it for a profit right on the exchange.

In making this determination, you need to ask yourself this basic question: What is the value, product, or service that the token company generates that will give me enough value for my money to make this purchase cost me?

In a world of token price crashes on various exchanges, the more opportunities you have to extract real life with a token outside the expected listing on the crypto exchange, the greater the chances that you will not be disappointed or blocked tokens that are useless to you. .

So, you have to ask again and again: IF this coin was never traded on the stock exchange, would I still be happy to support the vision? If this token loses 70% of its value on the stock exchange, can I still use it and get value for my money elsewhere with it?

If you could not answer these questions in the affirmative after reviewing WHITEPAPER and investing the company’s claims, then you should think twice before buying this coin.

A recent case

Take the current ICO as Nollycoin, which is the symbol that drives the Blockchain-activated movie distribution ecosystem. Coin promoters have created various utility scenarios for coin buyers to ensure that no matter what happens to Nollycoin on the cryptocurrency exchange, their supporters and hackers will continue to smile.

Includes some of the great benefits attached to the Nollycoin token in the Nollytainment ecosystem

• Ability to use Nollycoin tokens to watch exclusive movies in cinemas and cinemas

• Ability to use Nollycoin tokens to access thousands of movies in their Netflix-on-steroids blockchain Movie distribution.

• Ability to use Nollycoin tokens to purchase products and services at NollyMall, which is Amazon’s platform for entertainment-based products.

• Ability to use Nollycoin tokens to pay tuition fees in the NOLLY Academy platform and partner companies

As you can see, beyond the normal expectation that tokens can be listed on a cryptocurrency platform, you need to look beyond the ico’s hip to the immediate and promising usefulness of the token and the viability of the underlying project behind it.


Short History of Bitcoin


Bitcoin is the world’s leading cryptocurrency. It is an equivalent currency and transaction system based on a decentralized consensus public ledger called a blockchain that records all transactions.

Bitcoin was now predicted in 2008 by Satoshi Nakamoto, but it was the product of many decades of research in cryptography and blockchain, not just one person’s work. The utopian dream of cryptographers and free trade advocates was to have a limitless, decentralized blockchain-based currency. Their dream is now a reality with the growing popularity of bitcoins and other altcoins around the world.

The cryptocurrency was now first introduced on the basis of a consensus blockchain in 2009 and was traded for the first time that same year. In July 2010, the price of bitcoins was only 8 cents, and the number of miners and nodes was much smaller compared to the tens of thousands at the moment.

Within a year, the new alternative currency rose to $ 1 and became an interesting prospect for the future. Digging was relatively easy and people made good money by making deals and even paying with them in some cases.

Within six months, the currency doubled again to $ 2. Although the price of bitcoins is not stable at a certain price point, it has shown this pattern of insane growth for some time. At one point in July 2011, the coin collapsed and reached a record high price of $ 31, but the market soon realized that it was overvalued compared to the profits made on the ground, and restored it to $ 2.

In December 2012, there was a healthy increase to 13 dollars, but soon enough the price will explode. Within four months of April 2013, the price had risen to a whopping $ 266. It later adjusted back to $ 100, but this astronomical price increase raised it for the first time, and people began to discuss a real-world scenario with bitcoin.

It was at this time that I became acquainted with the new currency. I had my doubts, but when I read more about it, the more it became clear that the currency is the future, because there is no one to manipulate or impose on it. Everything had to be done by full consensus, and that is exactly what made him so strong and free.

So 2013 was a breakthrough for the currency. Big companies began to prefer the public acceptance of bitcoins, and the blockchain became a popular topic for computer science programs. Back then, many people thought that bitcoin had served its purpose and would now settle down.

But the currency became even more popular as bitcoin ATMs were set up around the world and other competitors began to shrink their muscles at different angles in the market. Ethereum developed the first programmable blockchain, and Litecoin and Ripple began as cheaper and faster alternatives to bitcoin.

The $ 1,000 magic figure was first broken in January 2017, and has quadrupled since September. This is a truly remarkable achievement for a coin that cost only 8 cents just seven years ago.

Bitcoin even survived a hard fork on August 1, 2017 and has since grown by nearly 70%, while even forked bitcoin money has managed to achieve some success. All this is due to the attractiveness of the coin and the stellar blockchain technology behind it.

While conventional economists claim that this is a bubble and the whole crypto world will collapse, this is simply not the case. There is no such bubble, as it is a noticeable fact that he actually ate the shares of fiat currencies and corporations for money transactions.

The future is extremely bright for bitcoins and it is never too late to invest in it, both in the short and long term.


What Is Bitcoin & Why Is Cryptocurrency So Popular?


Bitcoin is the most popular word in the financial space. As a matter of fact, Bitcoin has blown up the scene in the last few years and many people and many large companies are now jumping on bitcoin or cryptocurrency wanting some action.

People are completely new to the cryptocurrency space constantly asking this question; What exactly is bitcoin?

Well, for starters, bitcoin is actually a digital currency that falls beyond the control of any federal government, is used around the world, and can be used to buy things like your food, your drinks, real estate, cars, and more.

Why is bitcoin so important?

Bitcoin is not susceptible to things like government control and fluctuations in foreign currencies. Bitcoin is supported by the full faith of (you) the individual and is strictly equal.

This means that everyone completes transactions with bitcoin, the first thing they realize is that it is much cheaper to use than to try to send money from bank to bank or use any other services that require sending and receiving money internationally.

For example, if I wanted to send money, say China or Japan, I would have to pay a bank fee and it would take hours or even days for that fee to get there.

If I use bitcoin, I can do it easily from my wallet or mobile phone or computer instantly, without any of these fees. If I wanted to send gold and silver, for example, it would require a lot of guards, it would take a lot of time and a lot of money to move the bars from point to point. Bitcoin can do it again with the touch of a finger.

Why do people want to use bitcoin?

The main reason is because bitcoin is the answer to these destabilized governments and situations where money is no longer as valuable as it used to be. The money we have now; the paper fiat currency that is in our wallets is useless and will cost even less in a year

We have even seen large companies interested in blockchain technology. A few weeks ago, a handful of Amazon customers surveyed whether they would like to use cryptocurrency if Amazon created it. The results of this showed that many are very interested. Starbucks even hinted at using a blockchain mobile app. Walmart has even applied for a “smart package” patent that will use blockchain technology to track and authenticate packages.

All our lives we have seen many changes happen in the way we shop, in the way we watch movies, in the way we listen to music, read books, buy cars, look for homes, now how we spend money and banking. The cryptocurrency is here to stay. If you haven’t already, it’s time for someone to fully explore the cryptocurrency and learn how to take full advantage of this trend, which will continue to thrive over time.


2018 Is the Year of the Masternodes Cryptocurrencies


Digital currencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum are in the headlines every day. The features that make these cryptocurrencies unique are their ability to act as a stock of value and lightning fast transfer speeds, or at least with the introduction of the lightning network for bitcoins, and Ethereum’s Casper switch to position and smart contract capabilities allow cryptocurrencies to be something more than money. Now Masternodes coins are in rage because of the additional incentive that gives you a percentage of a certain currency.

If you could imagine that your old old hundred-dollar bill with a blue face was on steroids, then you’d be close to imagining a masternode coin. In the world of cryptocurrencies, proof of bet is the transaction hash confirmation method, which maintains consensus and maintains all notes on the same page, so there can be no double spending of certain transactions and everything is fine with the consensus on the network. Betting on your coins is a way to use the amount of currency you own and synchronize your digital wallet with the network to maintain it, and in return you get an incentive to help validate transactions. To run masternodes, you must have a certain number of coins running on the network and follow the Masternodes setup instructions for which currency you plan to invest. The extra incentive is surprisingly more than just betting on your coins, in some cases upwards of 1,500 percent per year. It is these astronomical returns on investment that really attract a lot of attention and investment in the Masternodes market.

One cryptocurrency for the release of the Masternodes coin in early 2019 is the Allince Token tattoo, which is a side chain of the Egem blockchain that is disrupting the tattoo industry by creating a tokenized reward system for both people who want to buy tattoos. and for artists who look forward to applying the work of art in exchange for the symbol. I believe this will be an amazing and refreshing idea and a great way to add long-term benefits to tattoo artists who do not yet have a 401,000 incentive program in place. I am optimistic about this cryptocurrency as it seeks to achieve great rewards and add value to the money industry. I believe that along with the capabilities of Masternodes, it will have betting and smart contract protocol, as well as offer decentralized autonomous management and a membership reward program. Look for more about the TAT Masternodes token, which comes early next year.


Top Cryptocurrencies for 2018: What Are the Best Bitcoin Alternatives?


Important: This position should not be considered as investment advice. The author focuses on the best coins in terms of actual use and acceptance, not from a financial or investment point of view.

In 2017, cryptographic markets set the new standard for simple profits. Almost every figure or chip has brought incredible profits. “The rising tide is throwing all the boats,” as they say, and the end of 2017 was a flood. The increase in prices has created a positive feedback cycle that is attracting more and more capital to Crypto. Unfortunately, but inevitably, this galloping market leads to a huge investment. The money has been thrown indiscriminately into all sorts of dubious projects, many of which will not bear fruit.

In today’s bearish environment, noise and greed are replaced by critical appraisal and caution. Especially for those who have lost money, marketing promises, endless shillings and charismatic oratorios are no longer enough. Well, the main reasons to buy or keep a coin are again Paramount.

The main factors in the evaluation of cryptocurrency-

There are some factors that tend to conquer hip-hop and price pumps, at least in the long run:

Adoption angle

Although cryptocurrency technology or an ICO business plan may seem surprising without users, they are just dead projects. It is often forgotten that widespread acceptance is an essential feature of money. In fact, it is estimated that over 90% of the value of bitcoin is a function of the number of users.

While the acceptance of Fiat is entrusted to the state, the acceptance of cryptography is purely voluntary. Many factors play a role in the decision to accept a coin, but perhaps the most important consideration is the likelihood that others will accept the coin.


Decentralization is essential for the I push Model of a true cryptocurrency. Without decentralization, we have a little closer to a Ponzi scheme than a real cryptocurrency. Trust in individuals or institutions is the problem that cryptocurrency is trying to solve.

If dismantling a coin or central controller can change the transaction record, it calls into question its basic security. The same goes for parts with unproven code that have not been thoroughly tested over the years. The more you can rely on the code to function as described, regardless of human influence, the greater the security of a coin.


Valid coins seek to improve their technology, but not at the expense of safety. True technological progress is rare because it requires a lot of experience – and also wisdom. Although there are always fresh ideas that can be fucked up if it puts vulnerabilities or critics on the original purpose of the coin, it misses the point.

Innovation can be a difficult factor to assess, especially for non-technical users. However, if the currency code is stagnant or does not receive updates that deal with important issues, it may be a sign that developers are weak in terms of ideas or motivation.


The economic incentives inherent in a currency are easier for ordinary people to perceive. If a coin had a large pre-mine or ICO (initial part offer), the team held a significant share of chips, then it is quite obvious that the main motivation is the profit. By buying what the team offers, you play your game and enrich it. Remember to provide tangible and reliable value in return.

5 cryptocurrencies to buy in 2018

There has never been a better time to reevaluate and balance a cryptographic portfolio. Based on their solid foundation, here are five pieces that I think are worth sticking to or maybe buying at their current depressing prices (which, just a warning, can go down).

# 1. Bitcoin (due to its decentralization)

Number one belongs to Bitcoin (BTC), which remains the market leader in all categories. Bitcoin has the highest price, the broadest assumption, most of the security (due to the phenomenal energy consumption in bitcoin mining), the most famous brand identity (forks tried to be appropriate) and most of the development Active and rational. This is the only piece so far that is presented in traditional markets in the form of bitcoin futures trading of the American CME and CBOE.

Bitcoin remains the main engine; The effectiveness of all other parts is strongly related to the effectiveness of bitcoin. My personal expectation is that the difference between bitcoin and most, if not all other parts will increase.

Bitcoin has several promising innovations that will soon be installed as additional layers or soft forks. Examples of this are the Flash system (LN), the tree, the signatures of Schnorr Mimblewimbleund much more.

In particular, we plan to open a new set of applications for bitcoin, as it allows large-scale, micro-transactions and immediate and secure payments. LN is becoming more stable as users test their various capabilities with real bitcoin. As it becomes easier to use, it can be assumed that it will benefit significantly from the adoption of bitcoin.

# 2. Litecoin (due to its persistence)

Litecoin (LTC) is a branch of Bitcoin with a different hash algorithm. Although Litecoin no longer has Bitcoin’s anonymity technology, incredible reports show that the adoption of Litecoin in the dark markets is now the second, only bitcoin. Although the currency I have is much more appropriate for the role of acquiring illegal goods and services, perhaps this is a result of the longevity of Litecoin: It was released in late 2011.

Another factor in favor of Litecoin is that it integrates Bitcoin SegWit technology, which means that Litecoin is ready for LN. Litecoin can benefit from the exchange of atomic chains. In other words, ensure equivalent currency trading without the participation of third parties (ie an exchange). Because Litecoin keeps its code largely synchronized with Bitcoin, it is in a good position to take advantage of Bitcoin’s technical advances.

# 3. Ethereum (because of smart contracts)

Ethereum (ETH) has some big problems right now. First, governments are subject to ICOs and rightly so: many have proven to be either fraudulent or bankrupt. Since most icos run on the Ethereum network as an ERC marker 20, ICO craze has brought great value to Ethereum in recent years. If appropriate investor protection rules are in place, scams involving Ethereum projects may claim some legitimacy as a crowdfunding platform.

The second major problem for Ethereum is the delayed transition to a new hybrid system for battery operation and detection. Ethereum’s GPU is currently profitable, but Bitmain has just announced a minor Ethereum ASIC, which is likely to affect the bottom rows of GPU miners. It remains to be seen whether this will change the POW and how successful this change will be.

If Ethereum can survive these two main problems – regulation and digging – it will show great resilience. Otherwise, there are several competing currencies tracking its shadows, such as Ethereum Classic (etc.), Cardano (ADA) and EOS.

# 4. Monero (because of his anonymity)

Although its acceptance in the dark markets is not all that can be expected, I (XMR) remains the Prime Minister’s confidentiality. Its reputation and market capitalization are still above those of its rivals – and with good reason.

The Monero code requires less confidence that Zcash is a “loyal” key ceremony and has had a fair start, unlike Dash. The fact that Monero recently changed its Pow to beat the development of a small ASIC for its algorithm confirms the piece’s commitment to dignifying digging. A significant drop in hashing speed is due to the new version, which is constantly reported against ASIC. This can also be an option for GPUs and even minor CPUs to connect to me. The new version of Monero, 0.12, includes other improvements that show that Monero continues to grow along sensitive lines.

# 5. IPRONTO (Decentralized Incubation Platform)

iPRONTO is an Ethereum chain incubation platform dedicated to investors looking for a secure and reliable platform to invest in new ideas and future innovators who can present their ideas and get opinions from users, experts in the practice and application of derivative ideas.

The ideas of the innovators are supported, as the NES in Smart Contract format will be signed between the expert platform and the client if the client’s business idea is before the Committee for verification and registration in the platform. The idea will not be published for all users of the public platform of the chain, but only for selected members of the target community who are willing to sign the smart contract to keep the idea confidential.


Crypto TREND – Second Edition


In the first edition of CRYPTO TREND we presented Crypto Currency (CC) and answered a few questions about this new market space. There is a lot of NEWS in this market every day. Here are some highlights that give us an idea of ​​how new and exciting this market space is:

The world’s largest futures exchange to create a bitcoin futures contract

Terry Duffy, president of the Chicago Board of Trade (CME), said: “I think sometime in the second week of December you will see our [bitcoin futures] enumeration contract. Today you can’t short bitcoins, so there is only one way you can go. You either buy it or sell it to someone else. So you create a two-way market, I think it’s always much more efficient. “

CME intends to release bitcoin futures by the end of the year pending regulatory review. If it succeeds, it will give investors a viable way to switch “long” or “short” to bitcoin. Some vendors of exchange-traded funds have also filed documents for bitcoin ETFs that track bitcoin futures.

These developments have the potential to allow people to invest in the cryptocurrency space without directly owning a CC or using the services of a CC exchange. Bitcoin futures can make the digital asset more useful by allowing consumers and intermediaries to hedge their currency risks. This can increase the acceptance of cryptocurrency by traders who want to accept bitcoin payments but are wary of its volatile value. Institutional investors are also accustomed to trading regulated futures that do not suffer from money laundering worries.

CME’s move also suggests that bitcoin has become too large to be ignored, as the exchange seems to have ruled out crypto futures in the recent past. Bitcoin is almost everything that everyone talks about in brokerage and trading companies, which have suffered against the background of growing but unusually calm markets. If stock market futures took off, it would be almost impossible for another exchange, such as CME, to catch up, as scale and liquidity are important in derivatives markets.

“You can’t ignore the fact that this is becoming more and more a story that will not go away,” Duffy said in an interview with CNBC. There are “major companies” that want access to bitcoin and there is a “huge slowdown in demand” from customers, he said. Duffy also believes that introducing institutional traders to the market could make bitcoin less volatile.

Japanese village to use cryptocurrency to raise capital for municipal revitalization

The Japanese village of Nishiawakura is exploring the idea of ​​conducting an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) to raise capital for municipal revitalization. This is a completely new approach and they can ask for support from the national government or seek private investment. Several ICOs have had serious problems and many investors are skeptical that any new token will have value, especially if the ICO turns out to be another joke or scam. Bitcoin was certainly not a joke.

Initial offering of coins – (ICO)

We didn’t mention ICO in the first issue of Crypto Trend, so let’s mention it now. Unlike an initial public offering (IPO), in which a company has an actual product or service for sale and wants to buy shares in their company, an ICO can be conducted by anyone who wants to initiate a new blockchain project with the intention of creating a new one. a symbol of their chain. ICOs are not regulated and several of them are completely fraudulent. However, a legitimate ICO can raise a lot of money to fund a new Blockchain project and network. It is typical for an ICO to generate a high symbol price in the beginning and then return to reality soon after. Because the ICO is relatively easy to hold, if you know the technology and have a few dollars, there were a lot, and today we have about 800 tokens in play. All of these symbols have a name, they are all cryptocurrencies, and with the exception of very well-known symbols such as Bitcoin, Ethereum and Litecoin, they are called alt-coin. Currently, Crypto Trend does not recommend participation in ICO, as the risks are extremely high.

As we said in issue 1, this market is currently the ‘Wild West’ and we recommend caution. Some investors and early entrepreneurs have made big profits in this market space; however, there are many people who have lost much or all. Governments are considering regulations because they want to know about each transaction in order to tax them. They all have a huge debt and are tied to money.

So far, the cryptocurrency market has avoided many government and conventional banking financial problems and pitfalls, and Blockchain technology has the potential to solve many more problems.

A great feature of Bitcoin is that the creators have chosen a limited number of coins that can ever be generated – 21 million – thus ensuring that this cryptocurrency can never be inflated. Governments can print as much money (fiat currency) as they like and inflate their currency to death.

Future articles will delve into specific recommendations, but make no mistake, early investing in this sector will only be for your most speculative capital, money you can afford to lose.

CRYPTO TREND will be your guide if and when you are ready to invest in this market space.

Stay on the line!


The Multilayered Cryptocurrency


Questions have arisen as to whether bitcoin is becoming a multi-layered system. Well, the answer is yes. This article tries to outline the different layers on which bitcoin lies. Everything is yours!

Have you heard of those who call bitcoin digital gold? It is clear that cryptocurrency is rapidly gaining popularity and acceptance in the crypto world. The value of the coin is expected to increase. However, it is also noted that the coin can win or lose 50% of its value overnight. This has sparked speculation among investors, but the coin is still “digital gold”. And when asked whether bitcoin is a multi-layered system, it should be known that bitcoin exists in two main layers. These are the extractive and semantic layers.

The mining layer

This is the layer in which the coin is created. In addition to bitcoins, ether is also created in this layer. After the coins are created, the valid bitcoin blocks are transferred to the log. Currency generation is done here. It should be noted that the currency is generated by transactions that are contained in the bitcoin blocks. Blocks are known as transaction fees. The currency can also be generated by the network itself, or you can say “out of nowhere”. The main advantage of generating currency from the network is that it provides incentives to miners.

The semantic layer

This provides a very important platform. The semantic layer is the layer in which bitcoins are used as a means of payment. It also provides a platform for bitcoins to be used as a stock of value. The layer looks very important, doesn’t it? Bitcoin currency holders sign valid transactions that signal the start of bitcoin transfer between semantic layer nodes. The transfer can also be made possible by creating smart contracts. Smart contracts transfer coins between different accounts.

The lightning network

You probably haven’t heard of the lightning network. This is the latest invention released by the bitcoin community. This layer will have the ability to work on bitcoin. With this invention will come an application layer that is on bitcoin. It will be so exciting. The most interesting aspect is that its value can also be used to make payments. This will be possible by transporting its value between people. With the invention of the lightning network, bitcoin will become a transport layer as well as an application layer.

To date, the value of bitcoins is estimated at about $ 9 billion. Bitcoin is also known to be a decentralized cryptocurrency. This means that it works without the control of a bank or administrator. Bitcoin certainly takes over the crypto world.

It is also important that the technology used during the extraction of bitcoin is called blockchain technology. It works by allowing digital information to be disseminated, not copied. Crypto is a really exciting topic and in the near future bitcoins may overtake our main currencies.


What Is an ICO in Cryptocurrency?


ICO stands for Initial Coin Offering. When launching a new cryptocurrency or crypto-token, developers offer investors a limited number of units in exchange for other major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or Ethereum.

ICOs are amazing tools for rapidly pouring development funds in support of new cryptocurrencies. Tokens offered during the ICO can be sold and traded on cryptocurrency exchanges if it is assumed that there is sufficient demand for them.

Ethereum’s ICO is one of the most notable successes, and the popularity of the initial coin offerings is growing as we speak.

A brief history of the ICO

Ripple is probably the first cryptocurrency to be distributed through ICO. In early 2013, Ripple Labs began developing the Ripple payment system and generated approximately 100 billion XRP tokens. They were sold through ICO to fund the development of the Ripple platform.

Mastercoin is another cryptocurrency that sold several million bitcoin tokens during the ICO, also in 2013. Mastercoin aims to token Bitcoin transactions and execute smart contracts by creating a new layer on the existing Bitcoin code.

Of course, there are other cryptocurrencies that have been successfully funded through the ICO. As early as 2016, Lisk raised about $ 5 million during their initial coin offering.

Nevertheless, Ethereum’s ICO, held in 2014, is perhaps the most famous so far. During its ICO, the Ethereum Foundation sold ETH for 0.0005 bitcoins each, raising nearly $ 20 million. Using the power of Ethereum’s smart contracts, he paved the way for the next generation of initial coin offerings.

Ethereum ICO, a recipe for success

Ethereum’s smart contract system has implemented the ERC20 protocol standard, which sets out the basic rules for creating other compatible tokens that can be transitioned to the Ethereum blockchain. This allowed others to create their own ERC20 compliant tokens that could be traded for ETH directly on the Ethereum network.

DAO is a remarkable example of the successful use of Ethereum’s smart contracts. The investment company raised $ 100 million in ETH, and investors received DAO tokens in return, allowing them to participate in the management of the platform. Unfortunately, DAO failed after being hacked.

Ethereum’s ICO and their ERC20 protocol outlined the latest generation of crowdfunding projects based on blockchain through Initial Coin Offerings.

Also facilitate investment in other ERC20 tokens. Simply transfer ETH, place the contract in your wallet and the new symbols will appear in your account so you can use them as you wish.

Obviously, not all cryptocurrencies have ERC20 tokens living in the Ethereum network, but almost any new blockchain-based project can launch an initial coin offering.

The legal status of the ICO

As for the legality of the ICO, there is a bit of a jungle. In theory, tokens are sold as digital goods, not as financial assets. Most jurisdictions have not yet regulated the ICO, so assuming that the founders have an experienced lawyer on their team, the whole process should be paperless.

However, some jurisdictions are already aware of the ICO and are already working to regulate it in a manner similar to the sale of shares and securities.

As early as December 2017, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) classified ICO tokens as securities. In other words, the SEC was preparing to stop ICOs, which they consider misleading investors.

There are some cases where the token is just a useful marker. This means that the owner can simply use it to access a particular network or protocol, in which case they may not be defined as a financial guarantee. Nevertheless, capital symbols, which are intended to be valued, are quite close to the concept of security. The truth is that most symbol purchases are made specifically for investment purposes.

Despite the efforts of regulators, ICOs are still stuck in a gray legal area, and until a clearer set of regulations is imposed, entrepreneurs will try to take advantage of initial coin proposals.

It is also worth mentioning that once the regulations reach final form, the costs and effort required to comply can make ICOs less attractive than conventional funding opportunities.

Concluding remarks

For now, ICOs remain an amazing way to fund new crypto-related projects, and there are many successful ones yet to come.

Keep in mind, however, that everyone is starting an ICO these days, and many of these projects are scams or lack the solid foundation they need to thrive and deserve an investment. For this reason, you should definitely do an in-depth study and research the team and history of any crypto project you would like to invest in. There are many websites that list ICOs, just do a Google search and you will find some options.